In this blog, I am going to illustrate my researched on cinematography and camera shot for the world builders project. Before start it, I want to briefly talk about what the context of this project about. We had six people in the group created a teaser animation from a novel.
In the article"Cinematography techniques: the different types of shots in film",Timothy Heiderich(2012, p.3) defines that“ cinematography comes in controlling what the viewer sees or doesn’t see and how the image is presented". Timothy Heiderich (2012, p.3) also said that “film is a visual medium and the best -shot film are ones where you can tell what’s going on without hearing any of the dialogue."
There are several basic techniques to create a camera angle in an animation and film shot,which will give you a great affect in making your film / animation shot look more professional.
Rule Of Thirds
The rule of thirds is to break down an image into 3×3 grid,splitting your frame into 9 boxes,such as this image ↓↓↓↓↓
Darren Rowse, who is the editor and founder of Digital Photography school said “Studies have shown that when viewing images that people’s eyes usually go to one of the intersection points most naturally rather than the center of the shot – using the rule of thirds works with this natural way of viewing an image rather than working against it."
Whether producing a film shot or photography composition, rule of thirds assists the image’s balance and coherent.
Composition on the image is to arrange the elements in a scene and make people understanding immediately what to focus on and also make a more pleasing image. There are some different composition techniques we can follow, such as the golden radio, the golden spiral and the rule of thirds…etc. I will list some examples of composition and also how I used it on my project.
The golden radio
Greek ancients were the founder of the golden radio and also believe in the Platonic concept of ideals.They believed that all things, both tangible and intangible, have a perfect state of being that define them.Creative Blog Staff (2015) said “Greek mathematicians, after repeatedly seeing similar proportions in nature and geometry, developed a mathematical formula for what they considered an ideal rectangle: a rectangle whose sides are at a 1:1.62 ratio. They felt that all objects whose proportions exhibited this were more pleasing, whether a building, a face or a work of art. To this day, books and even credit cards still conform to this ideal."
This principle is essentially important because it can lead the viewer to the focal point. The artist used to use the secondary or third element to emphasise the main object.
There is an example of JEREMY VICKERY’s art work. In this picture, you can see the tree is pointing to the background and therefore, this is the focal point of this image, which draw the audience attention to the spectacular mountain and sky light.
Film shot from the maze runner
The most impressive scene in this movie is how the director set up the camera angle to show the audience this massive maze wall. In order to present to the audience the extensive scale of the wall, the director lower the camera angle to shot the scene and make the viewer feel it is too high to reached or escaped.
In my own world builders project, I did the similar method on the camera shot,which is to zoom in the scene and lower the camera simultaneously.
I also used trees as implied line to create a focal point toward the maze entry!
Rule of thirds by Darren Rowse
Cinematography Techniques:The Different Types of Shots in Film by Timothy Heiderich
12 pro tips to improve your artistic composition by Creative Blog Staff